Common Orthopedic Sports Injuries
Sprains and Strains
These are the most common types of sports injuries by far, and can occur in almost any type of physical activity. Sprains are injuries to ligaments, the tough bands connecting bones in a joint. A sprain is most common in the wrist, ankle or knee. Strains or “pulled muscles” are from over-stretching or overusing a muscle causing tears in the muscle fibers or tendons. Strains can be minor to severe.
Most people have had a minor knee injury at one time or another. Everyday wear and tear, overuse or specific injury can contribute to knee pain. Runner’s knee, tendonitis or a injured knee ligament are common sports injuries. ACL and MCL tears are potentially the most severe of the common knee sports injuries. If you suspect an ACL or MCL injury, you should see an orthopaedic surgeon immediately.
A fracture is also known as a broken bone and quite common sports injuries. Fractures occur when the physical force exerted on the bone is stronger than the bone itself. There are many types of fractures, which are determined by the way the bone was broken. Fractures are mostly caused by a one-time injury to the bone, which is called an acute fracture. Repeated stress on a bone over time, is known as a stress fracture. A stress fracture occurs most of the time in the legs or feet from sports that cause repetitive impact, such a running or jumping sport. Most fractures are classified as emergencies and some may even need surgery to completely repair. The severity of a fracture depends upon its location and the damage done to the bone and tissue near it.
When a force pushes the bones in a joint out of alignment, a dislocation can occur. Contact sports such as football or hockey or an activity such as excessive stretching or falling can cause dislocations. A dislocation will usually require immediate medical attention. The shoulder, fingers and hand are the most common joints that are dislocated. Hips, elbows and knees can also be dislocated, but these joints are less common.
Don’t let a sports injury keep you on the sidelines. Contact Agility Orthopaedics for sports injury help, by calling 314-786-2663.