Concussion Symptoms: Diagnosis and Treatment in Athletes

Concussion Definition

A concussion is a type of injury to the brain that results from some sort of trauma to the head. This type of injury usually results in temporary symptoms, however, there are sometimes lasting effects impacting memory and concentration. Whether the trauma results from a contact sport like hockey, soccer or football; a car accident; or a fall, the symptoms can have a significant impact on your daily life


Depending on the severity of the concussion, there are a number of symptoms that can occur. In addition, there can be a delayed onset in some symptoms, making it tricky to diagnose. Some of the most common symptoms of a concussion can include:

  • Headache
  • Loss of consciousness
  • Ringing in the ear or ears
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Feeling drowsy or fatigued
  • Feeling dizzy
  • Experiencing blurred or double vision
  • Confusion
  • Memory loss
  • Feeling disoriented
  • Sensitivity to light and noise
  • Disrupted sleep patterns
  • Slurred speech
  • “Feeling “dazed” or “seeing stars”
  • Feeling in a “fog” or “underwater”

Individuals with a concussion could experience one or more of the above symptoms. In addition, some of the symptoms may be delayed. Therefore, it is very important to monitor a person that has suffered a head trauma to recognize any new or worsening symptoms and to seek diagnosis and treatment if necessary.

Athletes in Contact Sports

Certain types of contact sports could put athletes at a higher risk for concussion. The highest incidence of concussion in sports occurs in football, soccer, hockey, basketball and rugby. Further, athletes that have experienced a concussion are more likely to sustain additional concussions.

Treatment and Steps to Recovery

  1. Rest and avoid risk for additional head trauma.
  2. Return to light activity first as symptoms leave.
  3. Resume moderate activity when symptoms are mostly gone.
  4. Return to regular activity when all symptoms are gone and do not return with physical activity.






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